India is the one of the most popular tourist destination in World. Visitor love India for its culture, spirit, people, religion, history, Architecture and so much more. Indian culture can be best expressed in the following ways. Humanity- Indians are noted for their humanness and calm nature without any harshness in their principles and ideals. Tolerance- Gandhiji's Satyagraha principle or Ahimsa – freedom without taking a drop of blood, Unity- India is a conglomeration of men and women of various castes and creed. Secularism- There is freedom of worship throughout the length and breadth of India without any breeches or violations of any other's religious beliefs. Closely knit Social system- The Indian Social System is mostly based on the joint family system, whereby families are closely knit with grandparents, parents and children sharing the same spirit, tradition and property. The Indian Rupee is the official currency of the Republic of India.
India starts to heat up from around February, first in the northern plains and then the rest of the country. By April, many places are experience daily temperatures exceeding 40 degrees Celsius. It stays cooler in the southern parts of the country, with temperatures reaching around 35 degrees Celsius. In late May, signs of the approaching monsoon start appearing. Moisture levels build and there are thunder and dust storms
India actually has two monsoons – the southwest monsoon and the northeast monsoon. The southwest monsoon, which is the main monsoon, comes in from the sea and starts making its way up India's west coast in early June. By mid July, most of the country is covered in rain. This gradually starts clearing from most places in northwest India by October.The northeast monsoon affects India's east coast during November and December. It's a short but intense monsoon. The states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala receive most of their rainfall from the northeast monsoon, while the rest of the country receives most of its rainfall from the southwest monsoon.The monsoon season is characterized by intermittent thunderstorms and rain over a number of days, eventually culminating in a huge and lengthy downpour. The rain brings some respite from the searing heat. Conditions become very humid and muddy while still remaining quite hot.
The disappearance of the monsoon marks the start of clear sunny skies and the start of the tourist season for most of India. Daytime winter temperatures are comfortable although often quite chilly at night. In the south though it never gets cold. This is in complete contrast to the freezing temperatures experienced in India's far north around the Himalaya region.
The official languages of the Republic of India are Standard Hindi and English. The individual states can legislate their own official languages, depending on their linguistic demographics. For example, the state of Karnataka has Kannada as its sole official language. Maharashtra has Marathi as its sole official language. Punjab has Punjabi as its sole official language. Odisha has Oriya as its sole official language and Tamil Nadu has Tamil as its sole official language. Kerala has Malayalam as its sole official language, whilst the state of Jammu and Kashmir has Kashmiri, Urdu, and Dogri as its official languages.
Delhi is the capital of India. A great combination of old and new age people from all parts of India live here. Places to visit include Aksardham Temple, Birla Temple, Gurudwara, Bangla Sahib, Humanyu's Tomb, India Gate, Janter-Manter, Lotus Temple, Qutab Minar, Red Fort , Rasterpathi Bhawan, Raj Ghat, Gurudwara Sisganj Sahib, Dargah Hajrat Ali, Chandini Chowk, Dilli Haat, Kannout Placea and many more
Jammu is called the winter capital and is best known for its temples. Most people will only stop here to change from train to bus en route to Kashmir. Kashmir Valley — some say it is Heaven on Earth, friendly people, beautiful gardens, vast lakes and pristine streams and is famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape. Places to visit are Shri Nagar (Dal Lake, Jama Masjid, Mugal Garden, Hazratbal Shrine, Shankracharya Temple), Wuler Lake, Amarnath, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Sonmarg, Jammu (Vaishno Devi, Pantitop), Ladakh (Leh, Hemis, Zanskar and Nubra.
Punjab means land of five rivers. Punjab is the home of lively and robust people who have an incredible zest of life, good food and celebrations. Places to visit include Amritsar (Golden Temple, Wagha Border, Jallinwala Bagh, Akal Takht, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum, Dera Baba Nanak), Anand pur Sahib, Ferozpur Sahib, Patiala (Moti Mahal, Shees Mahal Art Gallery, Qila Mubarak and Armony Museum.)
Rajasthan is the land of royalty, places, folk art, handicraft and hand embroidered fabrics with mirror work.Places to visit include Jaipur (Hawa Mahal, City Palace and Amber fort), Ajmer (Ana sager Lake, Dargah of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti and Taragarh), Jodhpur (Umaid Bhawa palace, Jaswant Thada), Mount Abu (Dilwara Temple), Udaipur (Pichola Lake and City Palace), Chittaurgarh (Place and Fort of Rana Khumba.)
Maharashtra is famous for the beautiful Western Ghats, temples, forts and everlasting silver beaches that mesmerize you.Places to visit include Mumbai (Crawford Market, Chatterpati Shivaji Terminal, Siddhivinayak Temple, Juhu and Chowpatty Beaches, Elephanta Caves, Marine Drive, Haji Ali, Gateway of India and Film City), Pune (Kelker Museum, Aga Khan Palace, Pataleswar cave temple), Hill station (Lonavala, Mahableswar, Khandala and Panchgani), wildlife (Pench National Park) forts (Daultabad, Sinhagad, PartapGad and Jaigad.)
UttarPasdesh is the land of art, historical Monuments, cuisine, architecture. On the bank of Ganga Uttar Pradesh has been the center of civilization in the worldPlaces to visit-Lucknow, Agra (Taj Mahal, Art Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Akbar's Mausoleum), Allahabad (Allahbad, Sangam, Allahbad Fort, all Saint Cathedral), Mathura, Varindavan, Varanasi (Dasaswamedh Ghat, Ram Nagar Fort, Sarnath).
Visiting India Going to India, you have to adapt to a new climate and new food style. Most travelers to India will become at least slightly ill during their stay there – even Indians returning from overseas can become ill as their bodies had to readjust to the food, bugs, and climate and sanitation conditions. However, with protection the chance and severity of any illness can be minimized. Don't stress yourself too much at the beginning of your journey to allow your body to acclimatize to the country. For example, take a day of rest upon arrival, at least on your first visit. Many travelers get ill for wanting to do too much in too little time. Be careful with spicy food if it is not your daily diet.